What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness worldwide. The term glaucoma refers to a group of eye diseases which differ in some ways, but all have one thing in common. They all involve increased pressure inside the eye. Our eyes are filled with fluid. It exerts outward pressure on the eye’s periphery – including the cornea, which normally is thick and firm enough to hold its curvature against this pressure. Over time, this increase in pressure can cause damage to some of the sensitive structures that receive and transmit images in the eye, including the optic nerve.
Damage from this pressure (Glaucoma) causes gradual blurring of the vision and if left untreated, can result in total, irreversible blindness.
Types of Glaucoma
There are several types of Glaucoma, which include primary open-angle glaucoma, primary closed-angle glaucoma and normal tension glaucoma. The most common is primary open-angle glaucoma.
Primary open-angle glaucoma is the blockage of the eye's drainage system called the "trabecular meshwork." This creates a slow rise in the eye's intraocular pressure, which in turn puts pressure on the optic nerve fibers.
Canaloplasty is one of several newer surgical alternatives to lower pressure for patients with glaucoma. It takes advantage of the eye's drainage system to safely treat elevated pressure. Learn more about Canaloplasty here.
With any of the types of glaucoma, it is in your best interests to catch glaucoma early. We recommend routine eye exams with any of our expertly trained physicians. Our office serves the Monmouth and Ocean County areas in New Jersey, and we hope to meet with you soon. Please call (732) 349-5622 or contact us online for a consultation.