The inflammatory disease known as “sarcoidosis” produces an anti-inflammatory response that can affect various areas of the body. One of the defining characteristics of the disease is the formation of “granulomas,” microscopic clumps of inflammatory cells that group together and look like granules. When too many of these clumps form in an organ, they can interfere with how that organ functions. Any part of the eye can be affected by sarcoidosis, and about one-quarter of patients experience burning, itching, tearing, pain, red eye, sensitivity to light (photophobia), dryness, seeing black spots (called “floaters”), blurred vision, and even vision loss. It is important, therefore, that those suffering from sarcoidosis schedule annual eye exams.
P.S. Uveitis, which is commonly linked with sarcoidosis, involves inflammation of the middle layer of the eye (uvea).