“Eye melanoma,” also known as “ocular melanoma,” occurs when the cells that produce pigment in the eye become cancerous, much in the same way that they can in the skin (skin melanoma). While this form of cancer is rare, it is the most common eye cancer in adults. It usually occurs in the middle of the three layers of the eye, the “uvea,” which is positioned between the outermost “sclera” and the innermost “retina.” Because this type of cancer is not visible when looking in the mirror and does not cause symptoms, it is usually detected as a result of a comprehensive eye examination. Diagnosis begins with a dilated eye exam by an ophthalmologist that often leads to ultrasound examination.
P.S. Because ocular melanoma may spread to other parts of the body, early diagnosis is essential.