Because glaucoma is an eye disease that leads to permanent vision loss without first presenting symptoms that might warn of its potential danger, it is very important to undergo regular comprehensive eye tests. Bearing in mind that more than 2.2 million Americans have glaucoma and only half of them know it, people ages 40 to 60 should be examined by the ophthalmologist every three to five years. Anyone over the age of 60 should have his or her eyes examined every one to two years. These examinations will screen for the disease with “tonometry,” which measures eye pressure. In addition to measuring intraocular pressure, the exam will also likely include an “ophthalmoscopy,” which involves examination of the optic nerve.
P.S. The most common treatment for glaucoma involves the use of eye drops known as “prostaglandin analogs,” which lower eye pressure.