The fast-growing cancer of the eye known as “retinoblastoma” primarily affects children before age five. Because this condition is aggressive, it is crucial to detect and treat it early, which provides the best hope of saving vision, eyes, and lives. As its name suggests, this type of cancer begins in the retina, the sensitive lining on the inside of the eye. This most common form of eye cancer affecting children may occur in one or both eyes and is usually detected when a flash photograph reveals a white color at the center of the pupil. Because the gene responsible for this cancer is passed from parents to children, those with a family history of the disease should be particularly vigilant.
P.S. Because children treated for retinoblastoma have a risk of recurrence in and around the treated eye, it is important to schedule follow-up exams with the ophthalmologist.